Largest city: Auckland (a third of citizens live in and around Auckland)
Made up of islands; the main two are simply called ‘North Island’ and ‘South Island’
Population of around 4.5 million (compared to 64 million in the similarly sized UK)
Parliamentary democracy, modelled on the UK governmental system
People from New Zealand are commonly known as ‘Kiwis’.
More than a third of people living in Auckland were born outside of New Zealand.
Main languages: English and Maori
Major exports include: wool, dairy products, wood, paper, fish, meat and chemicals.
Currency: New Zealand dollar
Located to the south-east of Australia
Known for national rugby team, the ‘All Blacks’, who perform the traditional haka dance before matches
Indigenous ethnic group, the Maori, today make up about 15% of the population.
More than 20% of New Zealand’s land territory is categorized as national parks, forest areas and reserves; there are also 34 marine reserves.
The place with the longest name in the world is in New Zealand: Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateapokaiwhenuakitanatahu, usually shortened to Taumata.
Driving is on the left-hand side of the road, as in the UK.
New Zealand is the home country of Peter Jackson, director of the Lord of the Rings movie trilogy, much of which was filmed here. New Zealandis a wealthy Pacific nation dominated by two cultural groups: New Zealanders of European descent; and the Maori, the descendants of Polynesian settlers.
It is made up of two main islands and numerous smaller ones. Around three-quarters of the population lives on the North Island, which is also home to the capital, Wellington.
Agriculture is the economic mainstay, but manufacturing and tourism are important. Visitors are drawn to the glacier-carved mountains, lakes, beaches and thermal springs. Because of the islands’ geographical isolation, much of the flora and fauna is unique to the country.
New Zealand plays an active role in Pacific affairs. It has constitutional ties with the Pacific territories of Niue, the Cook Islands and Tokelau.
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